The History of Christmas

The History of Christmas

Christmas begins in the Western communities of Rome from the night of December 24 to December 25, and in the Eastern communities of Greece from 6 January to 7 January.

The reason for the difference in Christmas timing between the two communities is that on December 25, Because Christ is the light of the world, this time was adopted to be Christmas, and so on 7 January marks the feast of the sun god in Rome at pagans; and because Christ the light of the world adopted this time to be Christmas, Christmas coincides with the Western calendar with the feast New Year’s Day, and therefore there is an official holiday for most countries No

Ritual Celebrations

Christmas has many rituals that distinguish it from the rest of the holidays, including the following:-

The houses, squares, and streets decorated with glittering colors, especially the main colors of the holiday, red and green, and sometimes silver and gold. There are many Christmas songs, including “Happy Birthday”, “Christmas”, and other tunes dedicated to this special holiday. Every glorious birthday, trees are planted, especially pine trees, and now there are many types and forms, decorated with sparkling birds, stars and distinctive lights

He is associated with Santa Claus or Santa Claus at Christmas. Every Christmas Santa Claus walks in the streets and distributes gifts to children, especially poor children. Christmas dishes: There are no specific dishes to eat on this holiday, but each country has its customs and traditions in food to celebrate Christmas, for example in Sicily Italy offers twelve species of fish, and while in London, the chicken stuffed with rice and vegetables, In Eastern European countries, the main meal is fish. Recently, they prepare meat, including geese and stuffed chicken

Christmas Codes

Christmas has its own symbols

Tree: It symbolizes the Tree of Eternal Life with Christ. Shepherds: It symbolizes that the gospel in the birth of Christ is for all people without distinction

The stars: placed on the top of the tree, a souvenir of the star that led the shepherds to the place of the birth of Jesus Christ

Red: It indicates the death and resurrection of Christ for eternal life. Green: symbolizes life, youth, and prayers raised to the sky

Bell: symbolizes joy and happiness by Christmas

Candle: symbolizes that Christ is the light of this world

Christmas Tree

The Christmas tree is an annual tradition that coincides with Christmas, an evergreen cypress tree decorated with luminous accents symbolizing a different spiritual glow. The tree placed inside the house with Christmas. The tree dates back to many novels, including Roman When Christians converted to the Christian religion; they did not know the correct date of Christ’s birth. The celebration of the birth of Christ coincided with the celebration of the sun, which falls on 25 December

This date celebrated by Christians is a spiritual celebration in honor and devotion to Christ. The Romans used shepherd’s tassel tree as a decoration on the sun’s birthday. From that time on with the unification of the two festivals, the tree became a symbol of birth. The leaves are the crown of Christ, Firewood is a symbol of the fire; Historians note that the Christmas tree is a pagan habit used by the Scandinavian countries that worshiped the trees, especially in Germany during the fifteenth century. They put decorations on trees during December and burned to celebrate their renewed life despite the harsh winter and winter solstice

In one of the old novels, Martin Luther King is the first to put the Christmas tree. The novel says in a pure night that the stars saw the sky, bought a tree, brought it home and decorated it with luminous candles

The Symbol and Meaning of The Christmas tree

The Christmas tree is an evergreen tree and symbolizes the tree of life that mentioned in Genesis. This is life and light. Light and illumination are of this spirituality and therefore decorated with red apples, flowers, and cloths. They searched for Christ and found him in the supplier, but the wrapped stick was the shepherd’s stick that he used to bring the lost sheep

The first Christmas tree to document in history is the tree in the French city of Strasbourg in 1605 and the largest birch tree in the era of Queen Victoria in England in 1840, after which the Christmas tree spread as a basic decoration for Christmas

Today, Christmas has changed, replaced by natural trees with different sizes and types. The color of the balls is red, blue and green. The star is also a symbol of the star of Bethlehem. The three boxes placed under the tree. Their gifts exchanged on the eve of Christmas Eve

New Year Eve

Christmas Eve falls on December 24 with Western Christian denominations, and on January 6 in Eastern Christian communities, the night before Christmas, the celebration of Jesus’ birthday

The Christmas night label is called “Night” although it is the night before Christmas Day that in the old Jewish calendar it was turning today at sunset. Christmas Day begins after sunset on the day before Christmas (on the solar system) and therefore named after Christmas Eve

Christmas celebrated in many countries around the world, where Christmas Eve is associated with the Christmas Eve dinner and the Santa Claus character known for its children’s gift stories

What are the preparations for this ceremony?

Christmas Night around the World

Christmas Day celebrated in different ways around the world, depending on region and country. The common elements of this celebration in many regions of the world include the attendance of religious services on this occasion, such as the midnight mass or sunset prayer and the exchange of gifts with relatives and acquaintances. The Christmas period is one of the most important periods in the Christian calendar and is often closely linked to another Christmas during this time of the year, including the Berber festival, the Immaculate Conception, St Stevens ‘Day, St. Nicholas’ Day, New Year’s Day

Amazing facts about Christmas, you never knew before

Within days, the world celebrates the birth of Christ, and the dreamy nights of Christmas come together in the minds of billions with stories and stories, dreams come true, and a new beginning for a better world

Despite the fame of the World Christmas, it surrounded by some interesting facts that no one knows anymore, with its popularization and secular character in most of the country, far from the religious taste

Here are some facts you never knew about Christmas

Crime in America

  • Until 1836, Christmas was a crime in the United States, punishable by legal punishment, as a pagan holiday
  • Christmas not adopted as an official celebration until 1970
  • The date of the birth of Christ is unknown
  • Although Western churches celebrate the birth of Christ on December 25, while the Eastern Church celebrates it on January 7, many evidence suggests that Jesus was born in the spring
  • Although Jews did not believe in the birth of Christ, some of the most famous and beloved Christmas songs written by Jewish authors

Remember this while you enjoy I will be home by Christmas, White Christmas and winter wonderland

Jingle Bells is one of the most popular Christmas songs, which have sung with more than one distribution of its popularity

However, the fact is that the song was originally written for Thanksgiving, but its strong commercial success was enticed by its adoption as an official Christmas song, becoming more popular on a global, not just American, level

The Christmas tree is not associated with the Christian religion at all, but with the ancient Roman festivals that colored by Christianity

The Romans used the shepherd’s tassel tree as part of the invincible Christmas celebration, and with the identification of Christmas as part of its adornment, its shark-like leaves became a symbol of the crown of Christ, and its red fruit symbolized its blood-shedding humanity

Church of the Nativity

The Church of the Nativity is one of the oldest churches in the world and, more importantly, since the beginning of the sixth century CE, the Roman Emperor Justinian built the church in its present form

The Church of the Nativity was the first of the three churches built by Emperor Constantine at the beginning of the fourth century AD when Christianity became the official religion of the state. This was in response to the request of Bishop Makarios at the First Ecumenical Council in Nicia in 325 AD

In the year 326 Queen Helena visited the Holy Land to see the important places in the life of Jesus Christ, and among what I saw a cave on the outskirts of Bethlehem where Christ was born to him glory

The city gained great importance for the Jews since King David was born, but the greatest fame and greatest importance gained by the city was due to the birth of the Virgin Mary.

The Gospel of Luke tells that the Virgin Mary and Joseph the carpenter went to Bethlehem to register their names in the statistics according to the orders of Emperor August Caesar, was born Christ while she was there, and became a pilgrimage to the Christians of all the poles of the world, which contributed to the development of the city and progress after it just a small village, and a place to rest convoys between the Levant and Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula

It also said that the prophet Jacob passed through Bethlehem during his trip to the city of Hebron, where his wife Rachel died and buried near the city in what today is known as Rachel’s Tomb, which increased the fame of the city and its holiness to the owners of all three heavenly religions

The Gospel of Luke teaches us that Jesus was born in a manger in a barren cave where he had no place in the house. Justin the Martyr pointed out that that manger found in a cave

One of the features of the building built by Emperor Constantine is that it built in its basic building, with an opening leading to the cave of the Christmas, where the manger and the star are located. To the west, one finds a large basilica that ends in a hall surrounded by columns overlooking the city of Bethlehem

Religious ceremonies held in the Church of the Nativity according to the tradition of the Greek Orthodox Church. It is worth mentioning that the church contains the angles of the various oriental sects such as Syriac Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and others

The religious rituals of the Eastern communities are the basis of flying in the skies of true faith because they address all the senses of the believer: the eyes enjoy the beauty of the sacred icons, and the ears hear the spiritual hymns rich in its ideological contents and melodies fresh, and the lungs of the believer filled with the aroma fragrant smells emanating from incense sacred and by these symbols – Which is an ideological reality – the believer breathes spiritually and physically to be ready to glorify the Creator with all his heart and with all his might

In 614 AD, the Persians conquered the city



Then the invasion arrived

And was taken by the Crusaders from the hands of the Seljuks in 1099, and the city remained under the rule of the Crusaders to the Angz area of ​​the new in 1187 AD, and then moved to the Ottoman rule in 1517 AD, and in 1852 as a result of the conflict between Greece and Russia from the side and the rest Europe on the other hand to regulate the conduct of things and the governance of the holy places, especially the Church of the Nativity, which led to the declaration of the status quo (Status Quo), which governs the course of things in the Church since then to this day has led to the migration of many people of the city to the Americas.

The city signed under the British mandate in 1918 as in the rest of the cities of Palestine, and then became a place for refugees after the Nakba of 1948 and was then occupied in a setback in 1967 with the rest of the cities of Palestine all, and then handed over to the Palestinian National Authority according to the Oslo agreement 1993, and was officially delivered in 1995


The use of Christmas, according to some references to the tenth century in England, and is associated with rites of fertility

But this tradition spread in various forms in Europe, especially in the fifteenth century in the Alsace region of France, where Christmas was considered a reminder of the “tree of life” mentioned in Genesis, and a symbol of life and light (hence the habit of lighting it). The first trees decorated with red apples, roses and strips of cloth

The first Christmas tree reported in a document reserved to the day, was in Strasbourg in 1605 BC

Nevertheless, the first Christmas tree was the one that was erected at the Royal Palace in England in 1840 BC. During the reign of Queen Victoria, and then the use of the tree as an essential part of Christmas decorations quickly spread


The second opinion

The tree of great value in the Bible (the tree of knowledge) in the story of creation, which became the “Tree of Life” with our Lord Jesus Christ the Redeemer, in the words of our great saint Mar Ephram Syriac

The first appearance of Christmas was in the seventh century and then the tradition moved to Scandinavia until it clearly reached in the thirteenth century to Germany, France and all Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther built the first lighted Christmas tree in the world, and then the decorations began to appear like pine parrots and colored strips on the doors of houses and trees. This was usually the case in Gaul, symbolizing Emperor Dionysius and the symbol of the priests of Ghalia

Colors are always bearing spiritual symbols

Green symbol of new life and please, lactation and blessing

Golden symbol of royalty, glory, and richness

Red certificate and redemption code

White symbol purity and purity

According to one of the encyclopedias, the idea may have begun in the middle Ages in Germany, rich in evergreen pine forests, where some pagan tribes worshiping the god of the forest and thunder used to adorn Christmas and offer one of them a human victim

In 727 or 722 AD, Pope Boniface we sent them to preach them, and he was able to witness them as they were holding their party under a tree. They tied the son of princes and they sacrificed a sacrifice to their god Thor. He attacked them and saved the prince’s son from their hands. The God of peace and kindness and love, who came to save, not to perishHe cut off Christmas and then moved it to one of the houses and Zenoha, and later became a symbol and a symbol of their celebration of Christmas, and then moved the habit from Germany to France, England and then America, and finally to our region here. People in fancy ornamental use multiple forms


Christmas Grotto


In fact, Luke is the only evangelist who mentions the place of the birth of Christ: “Joseph ascended from Galilee from Nazareth to Judea to Bethlehem, the city of David, because he was from the house of David and his family, She came to give birth, and gave birth to her eldest son and his shirt and his wife in a manger, because there was no place for them in the hotel

Luke did not mention the cave but the manger, but the tradition adopted in Jerusalem was considered one of the caves that were used as animals as a place for the birth of Christ and on which the Church of the Nativity was built in Bethlehem

There are some traces dating back to the third and fourth centuries showing a sketch of Christ’s birth with the shepherds, the Magi and the shepherds

The cave, as we know it today, credited with the launch of St. Francis of Assisi, who embodied the first living cave (i.e., living beings) in the birth of 1223 BC


By Christmas, New Year’s Day, a man’s personality marked by his actions, bringing joy to the hearts of the children. This character is known as Babanuel or St. Claus, a distortion of St. Nicholas who was the Bishop of Mira in Lecia, Santa Claus is a red-colored garment like the color of the bishop’s dress. Red color refers to the certificate. Bishop Nicholas lived in the late third and early fourth centuries and was a devout man who loved people. He paid particular attention to poor orphans and children. He also cared for widows and defended the oppressed and the prisoners. He expressed his interest in distributing gifts to them. Thus, it was customary in Christianity to distribute gifts to each other at Christmas, following the example of St. Nicholas. Who honored by the Church as the patron saint of children


In the Germanic tradition, the children were waiting for the god Thor, who came on the night of the feast of Yule, on December 25, visits the houses where he attended his altar (a fire stove) and presents gifts to the children who hung their wooden shoes on the fireplace

With Christianity, the character of St. Claus known to distribute gifts to the poor

The two images have merged in Europe with the idea of ​​free giving


And began the fact mixed with legend The name of Santa Claus as a French word means Father Christmas and some thought that the home of Santa Claus is Sweden and others went to his home Finland especially that there is a village called Santa Claus is promoting its tourist It is the birthplace of Santa Claus and visited by about 75 thousand children Annually.

Moreover, with the discovery of America carried immigrants with their saints, including St. Nicholas or St. Nicholas and the evolution of the name until it became Santa Claus

The modern image of Pope Noël was born by the American poet Clark Morris, who in 1823 wrote a poem entitled “The Night Before Christmas,” which describes this beloved visitor on Christmas Eve

In 1860, the American painter produced the first painting of Pope Noel, as we know it today, based on European stories about him. He was famous for this character in America and later in Europe and then in other parts of the world

Gifts & Cards

These customs were widespread during Roman celebrations

However, the gift-giving of Christmas was not usually permanent until Christmas in the seventeenth century and it symbolizes, essentially, the gifts given by the Magi to Jesus

The history of Christmas dates back to the sunrise celebrated by the Gentiles on December 25, while the early Christians celebrated Christmas on 6 December

The early Christians used to celebrate the sun to share their joys with revelers, but with the intensification of Christianity after Roman emperor, Constantine II prevented Western Christians from participating in the sunrise for his idols and replaced him with Christmas while the Orient lists continued to celebrate Christmas on 6 December

Because of this dispute, the Eastern and Western Churches agreed to unite the feast with the date adopted by the Western Church, with the adoption of the Eastern calendar by the Easter holidays in the spring

However, the Western Church did not fulfill its obligation to adopt the Eastern Calendar of Easter holidays after winning the East Church’s confirmation of its Christmas date

As a result, the Eastern Churches divided between those committed to the new birth standard on December 25, such as the Greek Church and the Antioch an Orthodox Church, while the rest of the Russian, Armenian, Assyrian, Chaldean churches retracted their commitment and reverted to the earlier adoption of Christmas on December 6

In the decade before the end of the sixteenth century AD, a number of astronomers discovered that there was a mistake in the calculation of the length of the day, and therefore the Gregorian calendar is ten days late for reality. History passed ten days ahead. The calendar called western to the east. However, because this new system proclaimed Pope Gregory XIII, it officially called the Gregorian calendar (and one meaning, of course)

The Latin Church followed this new calendar, but England, and became a Protestant, did not follow him until a while

The Eastern Church – regardless of its name and affiliation – has maintained the old account: there were two accounts: East and West. Christian holidays then repeated twice a year – once by Western churches (Latin and Protestant) and once by Orthodox churches. (On this occasion, the difference now is thirteen days). The Russian Orthodox Church followed this calendar before the Soviet Union

The Patriarchate of Antioch and the rest of the East of the Roman Orthodox Church reintroduces the Western account but retains the eastern account of the Great Feast (since this holiday account is tied to the limitations of the New Testament from the Bible must be fulfilled

The Patriarchate of the Holy Land (Palestine and Jordan) returns the two Feasts on the eastern account. Because the holy places, where the march of the feast, in any case, linked to certain times and places cannot replace

Churches of the Papacy and the United States – such as Marinates, Roman Catholics, , etc. – follow the Western account

The Russian Church, for its recent activity, has maintained the old account of the two festivals

General information

The name Christmas is abbreviated as “X mas” because the Roman letter “X” is similar to the Greek letter “X” which is “chi”, which is abbreviated to the name of Christ (Χριστό)) Christos

The word “Christ” is composed of two parts: the first is Christ and the apostle is the Savior, the title of Christ. The second passage is mass. It derived from a Paranoiac word meaning Ramses, meaning the son of Ra (Ra – Masis). This name attributed to the religious influence of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the first centuries

The Emperor of Constantine considered it the first day of the fourth century AD

Constantine chose this day as the birthplace of Jesus because the Romans at that time celebrated the same day as the birth of the god of the sun, “Sol Invictus”, which was called the “Saturnia”. December 25 was a holiday for the majority of the ancient pagan peoples who worshiped the sun. They celebrated that day because, after December 25, the day was growing day by day during the year. Among the peoples that celebrated 25 December before Christianity

The Romans set this date, as the nine-month anniversary of the Annunciation is the gospel of the angel to Mary – on 25 March. In the foot and in the middle Ages, celebrating Christmas was a secondary celebration or never celebrated. Around the year 220, the theologian Tertullian announced that he died on March 25 of the year 29 AD and rose from the dead after 3 days. Modern scholars prefer to place the history of steel on April 3 of the year 33 AD

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